New White Paper Revisits Racially Restrictive Housing Covenants


The latest entry in Housing Affordability Institute’s exclusionary zoning series is the Federal legal precedent of Shelley v. Kraemer, a 1948 U.S. Supreme Court precedent regarding racially restrictive housing covenants.

The case is an early examination of NIMBYism, with Louis Kraemer, a resident of the neighborhood living 10 blocks away, suing to prevent the Shelleys, a Black family, from occupying the home they purchased because it included a racially restrictive covenant. Future Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall served as one of the attorneys for Shelley.

Our Exclusionary Zoning series can be found in the Institute’s Policy Center.